How to treat tularemia in cats
Tularemia, known as rabbit fever, is a rare disease that occurs more often in cats than in dogs. Although it is rare, we recommend that you know it because there have been cases of outbreaks in pets with a high level of mortality. Tularemia is a zoonotic bacterial disease that is transmitted through ticks and can cause symptoms such as loss of appetite, fever, dehydration, eye infections and enlargement of the spleen or liver, although these will vary depending on the severity of the disease. the infection. If you want to know more, read on, in .com we show you how to treat turalemia in cats.
As we have said, tularemia is a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, which can spread from one animal to another through ticks. They catch the infection by feeding on birds or other infected animals and, in addition, they can transmit it to other beings at any moment of their life cycle that lasts 2 years. Deer flies and fleas can also transmit tularemia. Another way that your cat is exposed is if it consumes a rabbit or another infected rodent.
The Francisella tularensis attacks the organs and fluids of infected animals that, consequently, contaminate all the environment that surrounds them. This bacterium can live for months in water, vegetation and soil and your cat could become infected if the bacteria enter through the skin or enter your respiratory tract, eyes or digestive system. Apart from rabbits and other rodents, tularemia can spread through the musk race and the beaver. Cats, dogs, birds, horses, pigs, sheep, fish and also humans can get this disease.
The symptoms of tularemia are more common in cats than in dogs and, especially, in the youngest ones. A feline with a slight infection may not reflect any signs of illness or even suffer from a very brief and subtle lack of appetite, a slight fever and lethargy. In the most severe cases, your cat may suffer from high fever, swollen lymph nodes, ulcers, eye infections, ulcers in the mouth, jaundice, drainage of abscesses and enlargement of the spleen or liver.
This disease is diagnosed taking into account the clinical signs and performing an antibody test. Although it is true that these may not be detected at the beginning of the disease.
Once your cat has been diagnosed with turalemia, the most usual treatment is with antibiotics, which will be more effective if the infection has been detected with time.
Your veterinarian will also recommend that in parallel with antibiotics, take a probiotic supplement. It is very important that this disease is treated, because the mortality rate is high. So if you notice some symptoms or your cat may be exposed to F. tularensis bacteria, take precautions and go to the veterinarian.
On the other hand, if your cat has contracted tularemia should be isolated from other animals and their caregivers to prevent the disease from spreading. In cats, it is more common for bacteria to enter your body through your mucous membranes, through inhalation or through damaged skin.
It is also important to avoid infections that certain precautions are taken. Avoid dead animals, do not leave your pet loose when you take it to places you do not know to avoid contact with animals that have died. If you have to move a dead living creature, do not touch it directly, use a shovel to pick it up or any other method that does not involve contact with it.
It is recommended that you use a flea and tick preventative for your cat, if you have any doubts, talk to your veterinarian to recommend the best option and your pet will be protected. In the following article we give you good advice about how to deworm a cat. And finally, an important fact is that frozen rabbit meat can contain the bacteria for a period of up to 3 years.