How to treat canine hepatozoonosis
Canine hepatozoonosis is one of the diseases that can be transmitted by ticks . It is produced by a parasite of the genus Hepatozoon (specifically Hepatozoon canis ) and the common tick, which indicates that it is a disease of a wide geographical distribution. It is a condition that is becoming more frequent and whose pathogenesis is quite complex because to be manifested is the presence of another infection or immunosuppression states. In .com we tell you how to treat canine hepatozoonosis .
Before knowing how to treat this disease, it is convenient that you know how it affects your pet . The tick acquires the parasite when it feeds on an infected dog and evolves in it. The dog is infected by ingesting the insect, not by the bite and this happens when your pet nibbles the skin to remove them.
Inside the intestine of the dog the infection is released and distributed through the blood to areas such as lymph nodes, bone marrow, liver, muscles, spleen ... This disease occurs in dogs indiscriminately, does not take into account nor the age, neither the sex, nor the race, although in more serious cases it can appear in puppies for the weak thing of its immune system.
When this type of parasitic infection appears, symptoms such as hemorrhagic diarrhea may occur , this is due to the release of the parasite and its penetration into the wall of the intestine to reach the blood vessels. It can also appear hyperthermia, fever, appetite problems, apathy and difficulty moving because of muscle pain.
As the body begins to produce many antibodies that are not able to eliminate the parasite, they can cause glomerulonephritis or vasculitis, among other disorders. In addition, this disease can occur along with others that are transmitted by stinging the tick.
If your dog has any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should go immediately to the veterinarian and, especially, if you detect the presence of ticks. Your trusted doctor will perform a general examination before evaluating the treatment, will also do complementary tests such as blood tests, extensions to visualize the insect ...) and rule out the presence of other recurrent.
Everything to get to the diagnosis of the disease and thus start to treat the hepatozoonosis of your dog . The procedure will serve to try to eradicate the parasite and, above all, to combat all the symptoms of the disease.
To treat canine hepatozoonosis your veterinarian will prescribe anti-inflammatories to relieve muscle pain and for fever to subside. If you have appetite problems and have lost weight, you may take an antianemic drug and, in more serious cases, blood transfusions may be done if the anemia is severe. Each case is a world and will have to be evaluated on time.
But there is something you should never forget and that for hepatozoonosis or any other infection by parasites does not cause havoc in your pet, the best thing is always prevention . You must use the antiparasitic products that your veterinarian advises you, so ticks will not cause health problems to your dog. In we give you a series of tips so you can prevent fleas and ticks.