How to treat Lyme disease in cats
Lyme disease can occur in humans as well as in dogs and cats, although in the latter it is very rare, but it has very serious consequences. This condition is the result of the bite of a tick with the bacteria that causes this condition, so if your cat has no contact with the outside, the chances of suffering will be lower. However, it can also be infected by a human, if it brings an infected tick home. In this article we will show you how to treat Lyme disease in cats .
Symptoms of Lyme disease in cats
Most of the time it is usually difficult to identify if your cat suffers from this disease, since it begins to be noticed when it is really serious or do not present any symptoms until it is too late. Generally, this condition is composed of three stages and some of the symptoms of Lyme disease according to its phases are:
- Lack of appetite.
- Sensibility when you touch it.
- Lethargy and depression.
- Muscle rigidity, due to inflammation of the joints.
- Walk with your back arched.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Heart problems.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Disorders of the nervous system, having a behavior similar to dementia.
- Renal insufficiency.
- Accumulation of liquid.
- Muscular numbness
Causes of Lyme disease
As we saw earlier , Lyme disease is caused by the bite of an infected tick and this is developed in several phases that we will expand below:
- Phase 1 : starts from the first days or weeks, after the bite has occurred. At this point the infection is localized, that is, it has not spread throughout the body. It should be noted that the bacteria is transmitted in less than 18 hours .
- Phase 2 : at this stage the bacteria begins to reach other parts of the body. Here, there can still be an effective treatment.
- Phase 3 : develops months or years after the infection occurred, but the bacteria is already found throughout the body, so the prognosis may not be encouraging.
On the other hand there are some risk factors to acquire this disease:
- Make it spring or summer, since this disease is very common to occur on these dates because the metabolism of ticks is activated with the arrival of heat.
- Constant contact with other pets that live outdoors.
How to treat Lyme disease
The key to treating Lyme disease in cats is a diagnosis in time for the treatment to take effect. If you notice that your cat has some of the symptoms or you discover a tick on your skin, remember to take it to the vet immediately, because if it has not been 18 hours, the tick will not have had the opportunity to infect your cat, but perhaps it has transmitted some other disease.
The way to diagnose Lyme disease in cats is through a blood draw, the doctor will also look at your joints to see if there is any inflammation. Antibiotics will be the first step in treating Lyme disease in cats, if it is not too advanced. The veterinarian will tell you what steps to take and how long you should provide treatment to your cat.
Prevention of Lyme disease
- Take your cat to the vet regularly.
- Keep your vaccinations up to date, especially the one that has to do with this disease.
- Avoid as much as possible contact with other animals that may be infected.
- If your cat is out of the house apply some repellent on your skin before letting it out.
- Keep ticks controlled in your home.
- Follow a deworming calendar.
- Always check your ears, legs and areas where there are skin folds, as these are the places where ticks feel most comfortable.