How to treat conjunctivitis in a dog
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva, a membrane that lines the eye. The most frequent causes of this ocular affection in dogs are allergies, the insufficient production of tear -disease known as dry keratoconjunctivitis-, the foreign bodies that are accidentally introduced into the eye and the ulcers usually caused by traumatisms. In .com we explain how to treat conjunctivitis of your dog.
The cleaning of the eye
The use of artificial tear is necessary in cases of dry keratoconjunctivitis and recommended in others. Obviously, if there is no problem, it is not necessary to clean the eyes of the dog every day, but it is convenient as part of the treatment of these processes and when we detect the presence of legumes.
As a general rule, it is recommended to clean the eyes of dogs with artificial tears or other specific for it rather than with physiological saline or chamomile . Clean water is a good option for specific moments or if artificial tears are not available.
The eye drops
Eye eye drops for dogs should always be prescribed by a veterinarian , as many contain corticosteroids, extremely useful in allergic conjunctivitis but extremely harmful in cases where there are ulcers, as these could be extended to even pierce the eye.
Through a very simple test (fluorescein test) the veterinarian will determine the presence or absence of ulcers and, together with other diagnostic means, provide the appropriate treatment.
Although sometimes overlooked, the use of the Elizabethan collar, also known as bell, is essential in cases of conjunctivitis, to prevent the dog from injuring the eye even more by scratching with the legs. The vigilance and review of the state of the eye by the owner is very important, since eye problems can worsen in a very short time.
On the other hand, if you have taken your dog to a place with abundant vegetation, and you see him scratching his eyes, you should check them in case there is a foreign body introduced in them, like a spike for example.
Uncomplicated ulcers are cured with an antibiotic eye drop and, if necessary, epithelial ointment but as we said these products should be prescribed by a veterinarian.
Even if you do not have conjunctivitis, we advise you to take your dog at least twice a year to the veterinarian for a review, and whenever you detect excessive presence of legumes, scratching of the eyes, wounds or spots on them, and excessive blinking .