How to treat glaucoma in cats
Feline glaucoma results from an increase above normal values of intraocular pressure, and is often accompanied by symptoms such as eye damage and loss of vision. Hypertension may be that previous turkey of glaucoma, although it does not have to occur. There are animals that suffer stress problems and may end up developing long-term injuries. So if there is suspicion of glaucoma, we recommend that you go immediately to the veterinarian. In .com we tell you how to treat glaucoma in cats.Steps to follow:
In small cats the normal intraocular pressure is 15 to 25 mm Hg, anything that sticks out of this is dangerous. When this happens, the optic nerve and / or retina may end up damaged leading to obvious changes in the eye health of your feline. With an intraocular pressure greater than 30 mm Hg, it is a very clear sign for a diagnosis of glaucoma; in we give you more information about the symptoms of glaucoma in cats.
The early treatment of this condition is essential for a guarantee of good vision since glaucoma with more than 1 day can have irreversible effects. Many times the owners of cats do not realize the problem until it is too late and the eyeball must be removed.
The most common treatment of glaucoma in cats is with the use of topical, parenteral or oral hypotensives. With this type of medication you can control some types of glaucoma and it is usually a lifelong treatment even in an eye that has lost vision. The treatment of chronic glaucoma may include inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase and pilocarpine topically or orally. In addition, any additional eye disorders that can be observed should be treated to ensure that your cat has the best quality of life.
It is thought that some of the damage caused by glaucoma in the secondary nerves is due to cellular chemical glutamate. It is an amino acid very toxic to the ganglion cells of the retina, which stimulates them excessively. Medications that block glutamate receptors and calcium channel blockers are used to protect the optic nerve and retina. This type of drug is being evaluated as a possible therapy for glaucoma.
In some cases, in the absence of response to treatment, ocular surgery is used whenever there is potential for retention of vision capacity. This type of intervention can try to reduce the production of liquid or even increase the speed of the eye flow to reduce the pressure. When glaucoma can not be controlled, it is recommended to perform evisceration to place intraocular prostheses, or even to reach enucleation in certain cases if the blind eye of your cat causes a lot of pain.
Another way to treat glaucoma is with the use of retina protectors that usually have good results in eyes with long-term vision, delaying the onset of blindness or may even prevent its appearance.
When it comes to acute glaucoma, it is a serious condition that implies an ophthalmological emergency. This case may require hospitalization and act effectively to reduce intraocular pressure, so we must act quickly to obtain the best possible results. It is always better not to reach this point, hence the importance of an early diagnosis to avoid major problems for the eye health of your feline.