How to know if my dog has hip dysplasia
Hip dysplasia is due to a poor congruence in the hip joint, that is, a poor articulation between the leg bone - the femur - and the hip. It is a congenital or hereditary defect, which if not treated properly can cause the dog to suffer pain for life. If you do not know how to know if your dog has hip dysplasia, in this article of .com we help you find out.
As in most joint diseases, large or giant breeds are usually more affected: German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Great Dane, Saint Bernard, Labrador ...
In some cases, such as that of the German Shepherd, the work done by veterinarians and breeders has reduced the frequency of this problem.
The bad articulation between the bones of the hip causes damage to the cartilage and bone, which can lead to osteoarthritis.
Those damages produced in the bone cause pain, so the symptoms of dysplasia are fundamentally lameness and pain when it is extended or when it abducts (takes out) the affected limb or extremities.
In some cases the affected animals run in a characteristic way, with the two back legs together. In other occasions it can be perceived that the dog avoids physical exercise, in general or only certain types, such as climbing stairs.
X-ray is the definitive method, and it is advisable to perform routinely in dogs of the aforementioned breeds. In some cases, an X-ray is required to enter certain breed clubs or to use a male as a stallion.
The X-ray, made by a veterinarian under sedation to avoid movements of the animal that can distort the image, allows to assess the severity of the dysplasia, since the degree of defect in the joint can be assessed (by measuring an angle known as Angle of Norberg) and the injuries produced in the bone.
Logically, knowing the severity of the process is necessary to decide the most appropriate treatment.