How to know if my dog has diabetes
Diabetes is an endocrine disease that can affect dogs. It is caused by insufficient production of the hormone insulin, which is what allows the cells of the body of the dog to take glucose from the blood for energy. If you suspect that your dog may suffer from this pathology, in this article of .com we help you to know if your dog has diabetes .
Polyuria and polydipsia
It means that the dog drinks (polydipsia) and urine (polyuria) very frequently.
It is considered polydipsia when you drink more than 100 milliliters of water per kilo of weight per day, and polyuria when you eliminate more than 50 ml / kg / day of urine. They are very frequent symptoms and the first ones that owners usually detect.
If you notice that your dog drinks or urinates more than usual, you should go to the vet. Polydipsia is typical of endocrine problems and polyuria is also associated with problems in the urinary system, such as stones and infections, and, in these cases, it is not usually accompanied by polydipsia.
Polyphagia and weight loss
It means that the amount of food that the dog ingests increases, that is, that it eats more than usual .
Despite the above, the animal does not gain weight, but on the contrary, it normally loses weight, which is very striking and highly characteristic of diabetic dogs.
The combination of the above symptoms, together with the presence of glucose in the urine and hyperglycemia (blood glucose values greater than 150 md / dl) fasting, will allow the veterinarian to make a diagnosis and know if your dog has diabetes.
It is highly recommended to perform glucose curves (several determinations separated in time), to assess the process and the effectiveness of the treatment.