How to make breast milk for dogs - emergency recipes
Have you found a puppy and need a bottle? Although the ideal is always that puppies can take breast milk, especially the first called colostrum, it is not always possible. We may find that the mother does not produce enough, rejects her young, is very sick or may even be dead and, therefore, we must take care of the children's food until they can eat on their own. It is very important not to waste time, because the first days are the most important so that the children can get ahead. We can buy maternal milk, but we do not always find it. So, in this article we are going to explain how to make breast milk for dogs, so you can use these recipes in an emergency.
The importance of breast milk
Before going into details about how to make breast milk for puppies, it is necessary to know the importance of what the mother offers. Thus, breast milk is vital for all newborns of any species, because it provides all the nutrients necessary for the development of puppies from their first day. This food is irreplaceable 100%, since it is the most complete and best fits the needs of the smallest and even adapts according to their age.
The first maternal food produced during the first days after birth is colostrum and it is of great importance for the puppies to begin to develop normally. It is a thicker liquid with more nutrients than the food that the mother produces later.
Therefore, we should not substitute breast milk without a reason for weight. Only when the mother can not offer this food will be when we should act and feed us the little ones. In this case, we can use formula that we will find in the veterinary centers or we can replace breast milk for dogs doing it at home, but we must always bear in mind that no matter how hard we try, these products will never surpass or equal the maternal food.
Find out in this other article more details on how to care for a newborn dog, because they require more care apart from food.
Lactose in formula
In all the maternal milk there is lactose, because this is necessary for the growth and development of the small ones of the species that they are. Lactose is a sugar present in this type of maternal food in all mammal species and, therefore, is a necessary nutrient for newborns .
We should not fear that small can have lactose intolerance, because naturally in your intestine there is an enzyme, known as lactase, which uses lactose to produce galactose and glucose necessary to nourish the puppies well and to obtain sufficient energy For their develpment. But it is when mammals grow that little by little lactase is lost until weaning, at which time there is usually no more enzyme of this type in the intestine and, therefore, this food is no longer necessary and can produce intolerances This does not mean that all mammals, including us, at weaning develop intolerance to lactose; some will have a little, others a lot and others at all.
It is for this reason that it is important not to give milk without lactose to nursing puppies, it is better to make one that is suitable for them or to buy it.
How milk is made for newborn dogs: nutrients
Before explaining how to make infant formula for emergency puppies, we must know the nutritional values of this maternal food in order to replace them in the best possible way. Specifically, in 1 liter of bitch milk there are between 1, 200 and 1, 300 kcal distributed among these nutritional values:
- 90 g of fats
- 80 g of proteins
- 35 g of carbohydrates
- 3 g of calcium
- 1.8 g of phosphorus
We must know that 1 liter of whole cow's milk that we find in supermarkets has only 600 kcal, that is to say the half that has the bitch, providing less amount of nutrients. If we used this product we should give 2 liters to the puppy to provide almost the same as he would get from the food offered by his mother. Anyway, that of cow or other animals such as the goat is not an adequate diet for dog puppies.
How to prepare milk for newborn dogs: doses and intakes
In order to know how much milk should be given in each shot, first weigh the puppy to calculate the necessary nutrients and the amount of each dose. If we have not been able to weigh it at the veterinarian it is recommended that we do it with a kitchen scale due to the little weight that the child will still have. The calories required according to the weeks of life and the weight of the animal will be the following:
- First week: 12 to 13 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- Second week: 13 to 15 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- Third week: 15 to 18 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
- Fourth week: 18 to 20 kcal / 100 g of weight / day
A puppy that weighs half a kilo (500 grams) and seems to be of medium or large breed is sure to be in its first week of life, so the daily dose that corresponds is about 13 kcal / 100 g of weight / day. This puppy would touch 650 kcal / day.
In addition, as your mother's mother several times a day, the ideal is to give them one shot every 3 hours, distributing the total kcal (in this case 650 kcal / day) several times. In a day, that is to say in 24 h, if the puppy eats every 3 hours in total it will have to do 8 takes per day, among which the total of kcal per day is distributed. So, this puppy of the example would have to take 81.25 kcal in each shot to get to eat 650 kcal in a day.
Little by little they must be spaced the intakes, the best is that in the third week only take 4 shots a day, that is every 6 hours, because you can also add other factors in the diet such as water and porridge.
It is very important to prepare the right amount for the shot and do it half an hour before feeding the puppy. It is not advisable to keep it for future shots, although if it is done for a few hours it should be kept very well closed and in the fridge. Also, we should always go to the veterinarian to check your health and to help us adjust the health care and growth stage of our hairy.
In addition, baby bottles can be found in pet stores, veterinary centers and even in pharmacies. You can also make one with a bottle and a bottle nipple.
Recipe: infant formula for emergency puppies with 900 kcal / liter
This first recipe is designed to provide 900 kcal per liter to our hairy. You just have to beat the following ingredients together until you get a uniform mixture and you can give it to them:
- 80 ml of milk cream (containing 40% fat)
- 1 egg yolk
- 900 ml of whole cow's milk
Remember to do it preferably at the time of giving it or at most half an hour before.
Recipe: breast milk for dogs with 1, 100 kcal / liter
This other recipe of formula for home-made puppies is also very simple to make and offers up to 1, 100 kcal per liter . You should follow the same procedure, but you will have to use these ingredients:
- 150 g of mascarpone cream cheese
- 850 ml of goat's milk
Recipe: infant formula for puppies with 1, 300 kcal / liter
Finally, the most complete recipe and that more amount of kcal will contribute to your hairy is the one that has a total of 1, 300 kcal per liter . To do it, you must follow the steps mentioned above and use the following ingredients:
- 10 g of butter
- 1 egg yolk
- 25 g of milk protein (calcium caseinate)
- 50 ml of cream (containing 40% fat)
- 400 ml of whole cow's milk (in this case better without lactose)
You may also be interested to know when to change the puppy food to adult for later.