How to know what oil my car carries - know the answer here
Car oil is a vital component in the engine of a vehicle, as it is responsible for lubricating the various parts of this so they can work properly, as well as cool, clean and prevent corrosion in the engine. For this reason, it is necessary to use one that is of quality but, in addition, this should be the right one for our vehicle, since if one is used that is not we will notice problems in a short time.
In this article we want to help you in the care and maintenance of your car and, therefore, we answer the common question about " how to know what oil my car carries? " And more details to keep in mind about this material.
What types of car oils are there
To begin, we must bear in mind that not only there are different brands of these products for the engine of cars, but also there are different types of oils for the car, which must be taken into account as not all serve for any case or type of car. Specifically, there are 3 types of oils for the engine:
Mineral motor oils
These products are obtained from the direct distillation of oil, after several processes carried out in oil refineries. Thus, what this process achieves is separating the part of the oil that has lubricating properties from the rest that turn out to be useless to achieve the final product sought, although residues may remain. They are considered of lower quality than synthetics created in laboratories and, therefore, are more economical. However, for these reasons, this type of oil for the engine of cars needs to be changed at least once a year . The clear advantage is that they are more economical and, moreover, are the most suitable for cars manufactured before 1995, since they do not have a motor adapted to synthetics.
Synthetic motor oils
This other type of product is manufactured in laboratories, from the distilled part of the oil obtained in the refineries, and they are oils that go through processes that manage to eliminate all types of waste, leaving only the lubricating part without any other unwanted product . In addition, additive products are included that serve to protect the engine even better, thus making it resistant to extreme temperatures. As synthetics are more durable, being less volatile, then it is not necessary to change them so often, but they must be changed every year and a half or two years . Due to all these improvements with respect to mineral oils, synthetics are more expensive. These products, being the cleanest of waste and adapted to the needs of the engine, are what will allow you to extend the life of your car longer.
Semi-synthetic motor oils
This last type are those that are produced from the mixture of the previous ones. Specifically, they have a large part of mineral oil and a smaller part of synthetic oil, they are never in a half proportion, but the first mentioned is always more present than the second. In this way, the semi-synthetic oil for cars is cheaper than the synthetic, but offers better results than the mineral, especially in the most current cars (before 1995). This product should be changed with an intermediate frequency to those previously mentioned, that is, it should be before two years but it may take a little more than a year.
Viscosity grades of engine oil
Among the properties of these products for the proper functioning of the automobile, the one that stands out is the viscosity, since it is the one that will determine the resistance of the oil to flow, according to the temperature of the engine. Thus, there are two grades of viscosity in the oils for the engine: the monograde and the multigrade.
Monograde oils are those that only have a degree of viscosity, regardless of the conditions to which it is subjected, and multigrade oils are those that have more than one degree of viscosity, changing with cold and hot temperatures. Although the latter are the most used, it must be borne in mind that it is advisable to follow the recommendations of the manufacturer of our car, since the vehicle's manual will indicate the proper viscosity range according to the ambient temperature for the type of engine. Exactly what the car carries.
So, to know how to choose the oil for the car to have a correct care and maintenance of the car, you will have to base yourself on the year of manufacture of this, if it is before or after the year 1995, as well as taking into account the viscosity that the engine will need. To know what is the viscosity of the oil that your car needs, you will have to look in the table of the manual according to the average ambient temperature that you make in the area in which you reside and use the car.
How to know what type of oil my car carries
With these concepts on the types and viscosity of the oils already cleared, you can now better answer the doubt that has brought you to this article on "how to know what oil my car carries?" or "what oil should I put on my car?"
If you want to know the oil that your car uses, it is best that you look for it in the manual that came with the car when you bought it, since all the needs of the vehicle are indicated there and the type and viscosity of this product will be required, although not a brand is mentioned It is advisable that you go to your workshop of confidence and there you comment that in the manual you have seen that your car needs that particular product and that they themselves tell you which can be the best brand for your vehicle among the options available to them.
Keep in mind that if the car is not new, you have been using it for a while and until now it has worked well, do not change the type of oil and, if possible, neither the brand of it, keep using the same . However, you need to change the brand or type because you have noticed that the one you use does not work well in your car, it is better to make a progressive change and not sudden, because if it is abrupt it can affect the operation of the engine, and before change from a mineral to a synthetic one or vice versa, spend some time using a semi-synthetic one.
In summary and with some extra notes, here are some tips to know what oil a car uses :
- Remember that if your car is older than 1995, the mineral will be the most suitable.
- Search the car manual and make sure that the one you choose complies with the regulations specified in the manufacturer's manual.
- Take into account the average temperature of the place where you live to choose the product. If you live in a warm place, the products that have in your name a higher final number will be the most indicated. Conversely, if you reside in a cold place, the products with a lower number in the code of your name will be the most indicated.
- It prefers high-end brands to low-end or white-label brands and opts, if your car allows it, for synthetics as they take more care of the engine.
- Change the type of oil progressively and never suddenly to avoid damaging the engine.