How to educate a Spanish water dog
Its dynamism and great energy are two of the main characteristics of the Spanish water dog, a very popular specimen that is easily loved, so it is very common to find it as part of a family nucleus.
Precisely because they like to be in constant activity should be trained not only to moderate and guide their energy, but to learn to use it properly with acquaintances and strangers. If you are considering having a dog of this breed at home, in this article we explain how to educate a Spanish water dog and how to take care of it properly to take advantage of the full potential of this faithful and affectionate pet.
Origin of the Spanish water dog
This race has an unknown origin; However, its presence in the Iberian Peninsula dates back at least to 1100 BC. What is known is that its evolution has given rise to the development of other breeds such as poodle or poodle . Although this specimen was established as a hunting and herding dog, these functions were progressively relegated to other races until it became a companion animal.
For his aquatic abilities, the water dog was used as an assistant by the Spanish fishermen. His skills in this field have made him one of the most popular sports dogs.
Characteristics of the Spanish water dog
It is an animal of medium size and athletic build. His head is strong, with triangular ears and falls and his eyes can be of a tone ranging from hazelnut to brown. The males can measure between 44 and 50 cm in height and the females between 40 and 46 cm, while their weight ranges between 18 and 25 kg in the first case and 14 and 18 in the second.
The tonalities in the characteristic fur of this Spanish dog can range from white to fire, however the colors accepted by the Féderation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) are: white, black or brown in the unicolor and black and white or white and brown for the bicolor.
Training of the Spanish water dog
If the dog is newborn or puppy, the ideal is to stay with the mother for as long as necessary, this will be at least two or three months so you can feed properly and socialize with her and the rest of the litter if there is one. After that time you will be ready to be something more independent of the mother and to receive her first instructions, which will always be given and rewarded according to her young age. The common thing is to start training at 4 or 6 months . The training must be divided into phases of play and work so that the dog does not feel the process as an obligation and begins to get bored or refuse to follow the instructions.
The first thing is to educate him so he can share with other humans and dogs as well as those who are at home. Although the Spanish water dog is very affectionate, this step is important since without proper socialization it could develop inappropriate behaviors. To achieve this, you have to take the dog out of the house progressively, first to nearby places and then to larger parks or places with more people and pets. In this part of the process it can be very helpful for other people to get involved, in addition to the owner, so that the dog becomes familiar with the idea of interacting with strangers without feeling fear.
The teaching of basic commands such as calling, sitting, lying down, standing or standing must be accompanied by positive reinforcements rather than punishments, as this will delay the process. The ideal is to start this phase with some game so that the animal relaxes, like going after a ball, bringing a stick, etc.
In the same way that it is suggested to create dynamic routines to prevent the dog from getting bored, you have to combine the training at home with the exercises in open places, especially if you live in a reduced floor.
Discover more detailed information in this other article on How to train a puppy.
Spanish water dog care
Having a markedly curly coat, it is very common that knots are formed in the hair or that the hair gets tangled frequently, so their main care should be oriented towards this aspect. To avoid inconveniences, it is advisable to brush it daily, use hygiene products suitable for your breed by bathing it at home and go to the canine hairdresser every two or three months.
Being a very active dog it is important to create a daily routine of outdoor walks so that you spend all your accumulated energy. It is a pet that requires time, space and patience, three factors to consider before having an animal of this breed. Needless to say, he enjoys contact with water very much, so he can be an excellent companion for trips to beaches, rivers or lakes.