How to heal wounds with worms in dogs - treatment for myiasis

Have you seen that your dog has a wound with worms? This type of parasitosis is known as myiasis and is produced by diptera, insects with two wings, like flies. They usually appear in wounds and ulcers and is the way they have to survive, since the adult insects lay the eggs and then the larvae feed, until they grow into their adult form.

When we observe that our furry has this type of parasitic disease, it is necessary to act as soon as possible to prevent the larvae from causing damage, because if it is allowed to pass, it can have very serious consequences. Keep reading this article where we detail how to heal wounds with worms in dogs, the best treatment for myiasis, as well as many more details.

What is myiasis, gusasnera or bichera

Myiasis, commonly known as "bichera" or "gusanera", is a type of parasitic infestation produced by dipterous insects, with two wings, such as flies, mosquitoes, horseflies and typical or mosquitoes. It can cost to identify in primary phases, especially if only they are internally, however it is easily identified when it occurs externally, as would be the case of a wound full of worms or larvae.

Insects parasitize vertebrate animals, being very common to find them in dogs, cats and farm animals. Specifically, the insects in their adult stage reproduce and deposit the eggs in the flesh of an animal, since when they are born the larvae feed on the tissue and fluids of the host animal. The larvae continue their cycle feeding, both living and dead tissues, to become pupae and then adults, at which point they leave the host to continue with their biological cycle.

Some of the most common diptera species are the following:

  • Megaselia rufipes
  • Lucilia spp
  • Calliphora spp
  • O. ovis
  • Chrysomyia albicans
  • W. magnificent
  • Phormia regina
  • S. carnaria
  • Sarcophaga spp
  • Wohlfahrtia magnifica
  • M. scalaris
  • Rhinoestrus purpureus
  • Oestrus ovis

There are species that take advantage of wounds or ulcers and others that, directly, parasitize directly through the skin or the bodily orifices, like ears or nose. Therefore, this problem can occur in any part of the body, the most common being the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, anal and genital region and any injured part.

The dogs that have easiest to suffer from this problem are those that live in areas of humid climate, since this condition facilitates the reproduction of the diptera and their survival. Also, dogs that do not have proper hygiene and health control, or are already sick, are more likely to suffer from myiasis.

If left untreated, other health problems will occur, due to the enzymes that larvae produce to feed along with the very fact that they consume the tissues. These secondary conditions can be of different types and different levels of severity, but in a matter of a short time the dog's life will be compromised .

How to know if my dog ​​has myiasis

Depending on where the worms are on the skin and how much there is, it will be easier or harder to detect the disease. However, it is necessary to know all the signs of myiasis, in order to identify it or be able to see that it is one of the possible causes of the picture presented by our hairy and go to the veterinarian promptly.

Symptoms of canine myiasis

  • Hairless areas
  • Stings
  • Wounds
  • Abscesses
  • Boils
  • Ulcers
  • Discharge in wounds
  • Cutaneous edema
  • Skin irritation
  • Constant itching and scratching
  • Movement of larvae on the skin
  • Worms on the surface of wounds
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea and vomiting
  • Pain when caressing it
  • Nervousness and restlessness
  • Licking of the affected area

In cases of parasitization in specific areas, other signs may be observed, such as tears and constant lethargy, if it occurs in the eyes, frequent sneezing in the case of the nose or paranasal sinuses, or, if it occurs in the ears. they would observe head movements and shakes, as well as scratching at these.

There are several types of myiasis and some of the simplest will gradually progress to become one of the most complicated and dangerous, as for example the case that a skin or on the skin advanced to the systemic level, affecting organs and different systems of the organism of can. Therefore, we must act as soon as possible and allow the veterinarian to act according to the kind of myiasis that he detects.

How myiasis is diagnosed in dogs

Although we see in our faithful companion several of the symptoms mentioned, only the veterinary specialist can diagnose the disease well and identify the causative species. The only way in which the specialist can diagnose it is by performing a physical examination or revision and, if necessary, can request tests such as blood and tissue tests, especially in cases where the worms on the skin are not visible. external form. Also, it will be necessary to identify the diptera species in case the treatment has to be adjusted to a more specific one.

If the specialist has already confirmed that your dog is suffering from maisis, it is likely that you have asked yourself "my dog ​​has worms in a wound, so how do I cure it?". The truth is that it is recommended that the veterinarian first clean the wound well and then follow its indications for the subsequent treatment of the wound.

How to eliminate worms in wounds of dogs - treatment of myiasis

The treatment for wounds with worms or fly larvae in dogs should be carried out by a veterinarian, since the most common is that there are other conditions caused by the larvae that have to be treated secondarily, apart from the wound itself.

Thus, regarding the main question about how to heal wounds with worms in dogs, the specialist will follow some steps, which can change according to each case although, in general, they are usually the following:

  1. Anesthetize or sedate the animal or locally anesthetize the affected area, only if necessary.
  2. If necessary to access the affected area the specialist will first have to shave the coat, use antiseptic products that disinfect the area and may even open to reach all the larvae well.
  3. Remove the worms from the wound one by one with tweezers, extracting them carefully.
  4. Disinfect the area again once it is clean of worms or larvae on the skin .
  5. If there is necrotic or dead tissue, it will be removed with the help of a scalpel, in order to avoid the advance of the necrosis and to facilitate the muscular and cutaneous regeneration.
  6. Afterwards, medications will be applied as a local antibiotic, in addition to prescribing it orally for a few days, and antiparasitic products such as those known as "matabichera", "curabichera" and "antigusanera" will be used. Specially used are products that have nitenpyram, a neonicotinoid insecticide that, in recent years, has proved to be very effective for these cases, with the minimum recommended dose being 1 mg / kg of body weight.
  7. The wound will be covered with a bandage, which will be changed daily and in some cases several times a day, to control and clean the wound.

In the following days until the complete cure, the guidelines of the veterinarian will be followed to give the dog an oral antibiotic, to clean the wound well, to change the bandage or even indications about taking medicines necessary to treat possible secondary conditions that have arisen.

Home remedies for worms in wounds in dogs

Many people wonder if there are home remedies to cure canine myiasis, but the truth is that there is no use to eliminate worms and eggs safely. Therefore, it is not recommended to use remedies instead of the treatment indicated above. However, remedies can be used to disinfect and heal the wound :

Home remedies to disinfect wounds in dogs

  • Garlic
  • Honey
  • Rosemary
  • Thyme
  • Chamomile
  • Sage
  • Ginger
  • Echinacea
  • Mint

Home remedies to heal wounds in dogs

  • Sugar
  • Honey
  • aloe vera
  • Rosehip oil
  • Olive oil
  • Sweet almond oil
  • Castor oil
  • Lavender essential oil
  • Lemon essential oil

Oils, honey, sugar, aloe vera or aloe and garlic can be applied directly to the lesions, while the rest of the plants, whether their leaves, flowers or roots, should be applied as an infusion at room temperature. environment, using them as a wash to disinfect the area.

How to prevent myiasis in dogs

To avoid that your dog has worms or larvae in the skin through their wounds, or that come to parasitize it directly, it is vital that you frequently check the skin and hair of your dog and you also look at the areas with little hair or nothing, as well as in the holes (lachrymal, mouth, truffle, etc.).

In addition, it will be vital that you maintain a good hygiene of your furry, bathe when necessary, brush it and follow the periodic deworming, both internally and externally. Also, if you see a wound on your skin you will have to cure it as soon as possible and clean it until it heals to prevent it from becoming infected or infested by Diptera. Of course, to prevent any health problem or detect it in time to act, go to the vet whenever you observe symptoms and changes in your faithful companion.

Is there myiasis in humans?

Indeed, myiasis exists in humans in the same way that it occurs in dogs or in any other vertebrate animal. Thus, in people it can also be a parasitosis that occurs taking advantage of injuries or directly. Therefore, if we cure a wound with worms in our dog we will have to be very careful to avoid a transfer or contagion of larvae to our skin, especially if we have a wound, as well as using repellents or insecticides, take care of hygiene, go to the doctor periodically and take into account the basic preventions.

Bibliography
  • Falconí Flores, Mercy Alexandra (2012) Use of nitenpyram in the treatment of myiasis in dogs in the valleys near Quito. University of the Americas, Quito, Ecuador.
  • Professor Róbert Farkas (2009) T raumatic myiasis in dogs caused by Wohlfahrtia magnifica and its importance in the epidemiology of wohlfahrtiosis of livestock. Volume 23, Issue s1, June 2009, Pages 80-85. Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University.
  • Gail S. Anderson, Niki R. Huitson (2004) Myiasis in pet animals in British Columbia: The potential of forensic entomology for determining duration of possible neglect. Canadian Veterinary Medical Association.