How to care for an iguana

If we decide to have this reptile as a life partner, it is necessary to know how to care for an iguana so that the animal can live with us for many years in a proper and happy way. The common iguana or green iguana is an arboreal lizard from Central and South America. Despite being an animal that has a considerable size, it has become one of the most demanded reptiles as a companion animal.

Iguanas are cold-blooded lizards, which need specific care so that they do not perish in captivity. Their care is expensive, from having a suitable temperature and light to a correct and varied diet. Despite the disadvantages of having an exotic animal as a pet, the iguana is a good companion animal, capable of creating a strong bond with its caregiver. In .com we teach you how to take care of an iguana so that your relationship with them is long, happy and enriching for both.

Steps to follow:


One of the most important things you need to know about how to care for an iguana is that you should be able to enjoy long days in the sun daily. The sun is absolutely necessary for your pet to metabolize the nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of your body.

If you have the iguana inside the house, even if the sun shines through the windows, it will not be able to absorb the UVB rays they need, so it would be necessary for you to acquire a special lamp for this purpose.


Iguanas need to climb and dig but leaving them to their fate in a garden can be counterproductive for them as they could be injured or lost. The ideal is that you have a large terrarium that gives access to your needs (with soil and elements that can climb) and that provides the necessary humidity and temperature conditions.


Adult iguanas are large, can measure from 1.5 to 2 meters long and weigh up to 15 kilos. Their nails are sharp and they use the tail as a whip to defend themselves, for that reason, it is important that they are not manipulated by children or inexperienced people since they can hurt the iguana or vice versa. To avoid this, it is important that the iguana remain in a controlled environment (its terrarium) as long as possible and if you want to let it loose, that the people or animals that live with it know how to respect their space and customs .


To be able to take care of an iguana you must also take into account your diet. Good nutrition is essential for survival and longevity. Iguanas can live from 25 to 30 years, with which our pet will accompany us during a great part of our life. It is important to feed her well so that we can enjoy a healthy pet for as long as possible.

The diet of the iguana must be rich in calcium, phosphorus, proteins and vitamins. Its diet is based on leaves and flowers such as rose petals, cardillo, dandelion, alfalfa, turnip, celery, escarole and cress. The clovers love them, as well as fruits such as figs, papaya and oranges. The crickets and some small insects complement their menu. In we specify how to feed an iguana.

Iguanas should be hydrated so always keep a dish not too deep with clean, fresh water (not cold) in your terrarium.


If you decide that you have a partner, you should know that it is better to be of the opposite sex. The iguanas are very territorial, especially the males, with which two iguanas of the same sex can become aggressive and provoke altercations, since we do not forget that they are large animals.


Finally, always remember that adopting an animal, whatever it may be, requires being responsible and consistent with what derives from its care. It is necessary to know the needs that it requires and be able to cover them. It is not a whim, we have a life in our hands that deserves to be protected and respected. Enjoy your iguana!