Which are the countries with the highest seismic risk - know the list

One of the concerns that remains today are earthquakes or seismic activity, as it is a natural phenomenon that we can not control even if we learn how to protect ourselves if it happens and even predict it in time to prepare for it, something that It is not always possible even with the technology that we currently have. Knowing which are the countries with greater seismic risk can help us to decide our next trip or destination to move, avoiding these places, or if we are scholars of these phenomena, will serve precisely for the opposite, that is, to decide where to go to study the seismic activity.

Whatever the motivation, discovering the areas of greatest seismic risk in the world can be very useful and, therefore, in this article we detail everything.

The 20 countries with the highest seismic risk in the world

If you were wondering which are the countries with the highest seismic risk, pay attention to these lines. We start directly with the list of the most seismic countries in the world, that is, where more earthquakes occur due to the movement of the tectonic plates of the Earth. Among the countries with more earthquakes in recent years, the following 20 stand out:

  1. USA from America
  2. Mexico
  3. Guatemala
  4. Costa Rica
  5. Peru
  6. Ecuador
  7. Chile
  8. Vanuatu
  9. Tonga
  10. Tuvalu
  11. Papua New Guinea
  12. Indonesia
  13. Taiwan
  14. India
  15. Japan
  16. China
  17. Russia
  18. Iceland
  19. New Zealand
  20. Italy

That they have been the countries with more activity of this type in recent years makes them the countries with more risk of earthquakes at present, but it is something that can change since all the countries that are in the area with the most earthquakes on the planet They are at risk of suffering earthquakes. This part of the Earth is known as the ring of fire of the Pacific, because it is in this part of the planet.

Meet in this other article How to act in case of an earthquake.

What is the ring of fire of the Pacific

    This ring, also known as the Pacific Fire Belt, is an area of ​​the planet where the tectonic plates with the most seismic activity are located. This movement is what causes the earthquakes that, in turn, also contribute to the formation of volcanoes as they train in eruption. Therefore, many of the countries with the highest seismic risk are also countries with volcanoes.

    The ring of fire covers some of the coasts and islands of Oceania, Asia and America, that is, it crosses the Pacific Ocean. The main countries of the Pacific ring of fire are the following, but they do not appear ordered by level of risk but following a geographical order beginning with Oceania and following Asia and America:

    1. New Zealand
    2. Tonga
    3. Tuvalu
    4. Samoa
    5. Papua New Guinea
    6. Solomon Islands
    7. Brunei
    8. Singapore
    9. Malaysia
    10. Indonesia
    11. East Timor
    12. Philippines
    13. Taiwan
    14. Japan
    15. Russia
    16. Aleutian Islands, Alaska
    17. Canada
    18. USA from America
    19. Mexico
    20. Honduras
    21. Guatemala
    22. The Savior
    23. Costa Rica
    24. Nicaragua
    25. Panama
    26. Colombia
    27. Ecuador
    28. Bolivia
    29. Peru
    30. Argentina
    31. Chile

    Although this is the area of ​​greatest risk on the planet is not the only part that can suffer earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. Currently there are 15 main tectonic plates and 42 secondary tectonic plates on Earth and all of them have more or less movement. Thus, it is when some of them touch or collide that they produce seismic movements, which can be translated into slight tremors or become devastating earthquakes.

    Richter seismological scale, how to measure earthquakes

    The way in which we have measured earthquakes for a long time is through the seismic scale of Ritcher or scale of local magnitude . This helps us to measure the energy released by an earthquake and, therefore, to measure the possible severity of such an earthquake. This is the scale to measure earthquakes and their severity, going from a light to a higher level and disaster:

    • Less than 2.0: it is considered a microism and is not perceptible to us, in fact it is recorded that around 8, 000 daily happen around the planet.
    • From 2.0 to 3.9: it is a minor earthquake and some are perceptible but rarely produce any damage.
    • From 4.0 to 4.9: it is a light earthquake, in which movements of not very large objects are perceived and do not usually cause damage.
    • From 5.0 to 5.9: it is considered a moderate earthquake that can cause damage to buildings that are already in poor condition and slight damage in new and / or consistent buildings.
    • From 6.0 to 6.9: it is a strong earthquake, since it can destroy an area of ​​up to 160 km around from its point of origin. It has been recorded that they average about 120 a year.
    • From 7.0 to 7.9: it is a major earthquake that causes serious damage in areas even wider than the previous grade, but the average is 18 per year.
    • From 8.0 to 9.9: it is a large earthquake and can cause very serious and devastating damage in areas up to thousands of kilometers around from the point of origin. They register between 1 and 3 a year between 8.0 and 8.9 and only 1 or 2 in about 20 years from level 9.0 to 9.9.
    • Of 10 or more: in this scale it is considered a totally devastating or apocalyptic level that, fortunately, has never been recorded in history.

    In the zone of the ring of fire the earthquakes usually register degrees between strong and great.

    What are the seismic zones of Europe

    Many people wonder what are the earthquake risk zones in Europe, a part that does not correspond to the fire belt but that also suffers from these devastating seismic movements in some areas.

    The European countries with the most seismic zones are Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey and Iceland . The first four are on the tectonic plate called Eurasian plate, while Iceland is between this plate and the Noretamericana plate.

    What are the seismic zones of Spain

    In Spain, a country that is part of the Eurasian plate, there is also some seismic activity that should be known although it is not a very active area and, therefore, it is not necessary to be alarmed if you live or visit this country.

    The Spanish areas with the highest seismic risk, taking into account that it is not high, are Andalusia, Murcia and the Pyrenees . In this country on average there are about 2, 500 earthquakes a year, but only 2 tend to feel and usually are not serious.