How to care for a Prague mouse
The Prague mouse or Pražský krysařík is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, characterized by being a lively, playful and with a great sense of smell. Its small size, makes it the ideal pet to live in an apartment, which is why many people opt for this race. Do you want to adopt a Prague mouse or do you already have one at home and want to know all your basic needs?
In this article, we explain how to take care of a Prague mouse so that it grows healthy and happy. Taking into account, among other things, that we have to be very patient during the adaptation process and that having an animal implies a high degree of responsibility. Remember that, until you put the first shots, you can not take the puppy to the street or put him in contact with adult dogs.
Origin of the Prague mouse
As with all buzzards, this was a race destined for rodent hunting. In any case, due to its good character, little by little it has been turning into a pet, into a pet. To find its origin, we must travel to the area of Central Bohemia, in the Czech Republic.
There are several theories about its origin, but the one that has more strength is that it is a cross between miniature pinscher and chihuahua, some theories maintain that in this buzzer of Czech origin, nowadays, there is also a certain genetic contribution of the Toy Terrier. In any case, to this day, this breed has not yet been recognized by the FCI (Federación Cinológica Internacional), the largest canine organization in the world.
How is the Prague mouse
Among the characteristics of the Prague mouse we can highlight that it is a very active, lively and intelligent dog that learns very fast, besides being very obedient and athletic. It is also an animal very faithful to its owner, the character of the mouse of Prague is very sweet and is not at all territorial as it happens to other dogs of small size, for example the chihuahua. The great advantage of introducing them into the family is that these dogs connect immediately with the children.
Being a small breed, its weight usually ranges between 1 and 2 kilos and a half and its height at the withers usually ranges between 15 and 35 cm . Its hair is bright, short and not very dense, the most usual color is black and tan (a light brown color), although among the followers of this breed dogs are also accepted the colors black and chocolate, reddish, merle, whole chocolate and chocolate and blue.
The head is pear-shaped, very symmetrical and with firm cheeks that protrude slightly. The eyes of this dog are round, dark and somewhat bulky, although not as much as those of the Chihuahua. As they grow, the ears are lowered slightly down, but later, as adults, they rise firmly. The body is short, straight, firm and well muscled.
How to care for a Prague mouse
The truth is that to care for a dog of this European breed, we do not need much more than doing the same as with other dog breeds. What you have to watch regularly are your eyes, ears and nails. And, important note, bathe it once a month at the most. In spite of its small size, it is a strong and healthy dog therefore, for its health condition to remain good, we will mainly have to attend to the vaccination schedule and deworm it periodically with the appropriate products and that our veterinarian prescribes.
When it comes to feeding, when they are puppies they need a specific one. Being such a small breed, their energy needs are different from those of a puppy of a larger breed. For this reason, we must ensure that we offer a feed suitable for its growth stage and its size, using feed for puppies of small or miniature breeds, to feed for adults of small or special breeds for senior dogs of small breeds, according to age of the can.
This breed is prone to bone lesions because of its fine bones, in fact, many of these small dogs suffer from dislocations of the patella. They also usually have dentition problems such as difficulties in the shedding of milk teeth, which requires veterinary attention. For the rest, it does not require more care than we have to dispense to all dogs.
Prague mouse hygiene
Regarding hygiene, until 6 months of age we should not bathe the puppy. If it is necessary because it has been stained when defecating, we can use wet wipes. Also, it is very important to clean the ears with special wipes for that task.
The nails are also something to attend, since this race needs to be cut regularly and proportionally. If we do not, the animal could self-harm. Although it is always good to go to the vet, if you have patience and a good special dog nail clipper you can do it at home. It is important not to cut too much because the dogs' nails have a nervous ending and, in most copies of this Czech breed, it is almost the same color as the nail, so we have to be extremely careful not to hurt or Simply let a specialist do it. Find out in the following article the steps to follow to cut your dog's nails.
We finish with the teeth, another basic point in the cleaning routine of our dog. It will be essential that you brush them once a day to eliminate the possible remains of food that may have remained on your teeth. Remember that these animals are prone to create tartar and that if they accumulate too much, they can lose teeth. Check the following article to learn more about how to avoid tartar on your dog's teeth.
How to educate a Prague mouse
Regarding the adaptation process, the same thing happens with all the puppies. When they arrive at a new house, after weaning, everything is new both for him and his new family. We have to be careful and be very patient in the adaptation period. It is important that at home there is not much fuss and peace reigns. The first days it is advisable to leave it a little at your leisure, so that it inspects the house and is located in it.
It is important to help you understand from the beginning where you have to do your needs . For urination, at home we can use newspaper or some soaking material, always away from food and water. Find in this other article how to teach your dog to relieve itself in the newspaper.
As we get to teach the dog to do their needs outside the home we can go removing this paper or soaker. But, as with all puppies, until you have all the vaccinations, you should not go out on the street or interact with adult dogs. The reason is that these others can transmit diseases that can be serious and even deadly for a puppy.
We will eat moderately to avoid embarrassment, it is best to give small amounts several times a day, between 2 and 3 times. During the first days at home, we will give you special feed for puppies betting on brands with a guarantee. It is the best way to contribute to the formation of your digestive system and strengthen your defenses.
You must educate him so that he can relate to other animals and people from a young age, learn not to pounce on strangers and respect the space of other dogs while playing with them. It is good that you get used to walking and exercising a little three times a day, with walks of at least half an hour or three quarters of an hour.
The necessary vaccines
To finish knowing all the details about how to care for a mouse in Prague, we will comment on the vaccines . At 70 days of life, 2 months and almost two weeks, you will get shots of parvo and distemper. A year, it will be the turn of the anti-rabies, not mandatory in some areas of Spain but recommended.
A curious fact about these dogs is that, sometimes, when weaning them, some bald spots may appear on the coat. This is explained by the lowering of the defenses, therefore, it is highly recommended that the puppy sunbathe as long as possible. A sign that tells us if the dog enjoys a good state of health is the hardness of their feces, if they are hard, compact and with a uniform color is a good sign. However, if you have diarrhea or stools are not as we say we should go to the vet. We must also observe whether he eats or not; If you do not have an appetite, we should also consult the specialist.
It is possible that some of these symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting or lack of appetite, and even a few tenths, occur in the first hours after the vaccination of the puppy.