What diseases pets can transmit
They are the pampered of our house, and the most faithful companions we can find. But if they do not receive the proper care and attention they can become an important source of contagious diseases that can affect our family. It is important to know how to care for and manipulate our pets to keep them healthy and protect our family. In .com we explain which diseases pets can transmit and how to prevent them.
It is perhaps the best known animal-transmitted disease. Rabies is an important danger for our pet and for humans, pets usually get infected after contact with wild animals, so the best way to prevent this from happening is by vaccinating them against this virus during their first months of life. .
Toxoplasmosis is not only popularly known, it is also quite common. It is transmitted to humans through contact with the feces of an infected cat, which normally receives this virus from rodents.
The risk of toxoplasmosis occurs in pregnant women, as the parasite can reach the placenta and produce genetic defects in the fetus. It is very easy to get infected if we do not take the appropriate measures, so it is essential to always handle the feces of our cat using gloves, whose use is also recommended when cleaning the litter box. Also after doing it we must wash our hands very well, especially under the nails, to remove any trace of dirt.
It is a very common parasite in puppy dogs, which is also very resistant. It is transmitted through contact with the feces of our dogs, causing major respiratory problems in children and adults. It is advisable to deworm our puppy frequently, and be cautious when collecting and handling animal droppings.
Another very common condition that is transmitted from our pets to us. Ringworm is a fungus that forms on the skin of our dog or cat and, after simple contact, can be transmitted to man, producing fungi like athlete's foot. In many cases the process works in reverse, and it is we who transmit the disease to the pet. To prevent it, there are vaccines that must be administered annually to the animal.
Lyme disease and Leishmaniosis
Not for nothing fleas and ticks are a major health problem for our pet and for us. This parasite can infect Lyme disease, which is transmitted when after sucking the blood of an infected wild animal, the tick is installed in our pet and itches us too.
This condition produces various symptoms such as redness of the area, fever, pain in the muscles, etc. The real risk is for pregnant women, because the virus can also cross the placenta and affect the fetus.
Leishmaniasis can also be transmitted by a tick bite, with symptoms very similar to Lyme disease, which could be complicated if not treated in time. In the area of the bite not only appears redness, but a bubble is formed that then drift is small scabs that may extend to the extremities. The best thing to avoid is to keep our pet free of fleas and ticks.
Birds are frequent pets, and many times it is believed that because we do not have as close contact as there is with dogs and cats, they do not transmit diseases. But birds such as parrots and parrots are capable of transmitting psittacosis, a disease that occurs when the carrier bird, through its feces or the dust of its feathers, transmits the condition to humans, who normally receive it through the airways.
The symptoms are cough, pain in the chest, often accompanied by fever, vomiting and muscle aches. It is important to protect ourselves when cleaning the cage and, in the case of having many birds, to use a mask when cleaning their cage.
Many of us know that by eating a portion of chicken or fish poorly cooked we could run the risk of getting salmonella, which causes diarrhea, cramps and vomiting, putting our health at risk. What some do not know is that this disease can also be transmitted through the contact of our mucous membranes with the aquarium water in which our turtles or fish live.
It is very important to take precautions when cleaning aquariums, in addition to explaining to children that they should never put objects in their mouth that have been in contact with that water before.